Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development (AID-FFP-A-14-00008)
Received: 21 April 2020
Accepted: 20 September 2020
First Online: 29 September 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All households were recruited and enrolled, and each individual consented or assented, following our IRB approved study (Protocol #16-0166, Committee on the Use of Human Subjects, Office of Human Research Administration at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health). The study was also reviewed and approved by the Malagasy Ministry of Health and the ethical review board at the Institut National de Santé Publique et Communautaire (INSPC). All point-of-care health results (anemia and malaria) were provided by our team of health professionals to the study subjects including access to free treatment and referrals to local clinics. All health results from laboratory analyses that were conducted outside of the study area will be returned to participants.
: We declare we have no competing interests.