Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (INV-008799)
Received: 25 June 2020
Accepted: 3 October 2020
First Online: 23 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate:
: Adult participants provided verbal consent, consent for children (< 18 years) was provided by a parent or guardian, and children above 6 years gave written assent to participate. Individuals aged 16 or 17 years who were married, head of household, or a parent were considered ‘mature minors’ and consented directly.The protocol for molecular surveillance was approved by the Haitian Ministry of Public Health and Population Bioethics Committee as a non-research programmatic activity. This protocol was also reviewed by Center for Global Health of U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and approved as a non-research surveillance activity.
: The authors declare no competing interests.