Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development
Received: 19 August 2020
Accepted: 16 March 2021
First Online: 26 March 2021
: The National Ethics Committee under the Ministry of Health of Madagascar provided us ethical authorization for all three 3 studies. Verbal consent from the participants were obtained before beginning or recording the interviews. Courtesy visits were made to local administrative and sanitary authorities at the Regional Health Centers. the <i>fokontany</i> presidents and traditional leaders were informed of the study communities of the surveys to assure their support and facilitate access to households.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.