Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 12 January 2022
Accepted: 16 July 2022
First Online: 26 July 2022
: The study was part of malaria surveillance approved by the Ethics Committee of the Ministry of Health of Madagascar (No. 083/MSANP/CE/11-2012).
: All the authors have agreed to the submission of this manuscript for publication.
: The authors declare that they have no other conflict of interest.