Received: 2 August 2022
Accepted: 5 November 2022
First Online: 14 November 2022
: The study was part of malaria surveillance approved by the Ethics Committee of the Ministry of Health of Madagascar. The clear consent from parents of participating children was systematically collected.
: All the authors have agreed to the submission of this manuscript for publication.
: The authors declare that they have no other confict of interest.