Funding for this research was provided by:
University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg
TDR, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, hosted at the World Health Organization and co-sponsored by UNICEF, UNDP, the World Bank, and WHO
Received: 31 August 2022
Accepted: 22 December 2022
First Online: 29 December 2022
: Not applicable. Permission to use the 2020 Kenya Malaria Indicator Survey data was requested from the DHS program database gatekeepers for this study.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.