Funding for this research was provided by:
Regional Artemisinin Resistance Initiative (QSE-M-UNOPS-BI-20864-007-60)
National Health and Medical Research Council (1134989)
Received: 16 January 2023
Accepted: 20 June 2023
First Online: 5 July 2023
: All participants provided informed consent, and ethical approval was granted by the institutional review board of the National Institute of Malariology, Parasitology and Entomology, Vietnam (31-2021/HDDD) and the Alfred Hospital Ethics Committee, Australia (469/21).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.