Funding for this research was provided by:
National Dairy Council
Received: 17 November 2017
Accepted: 9 August 2018
First Online: 22 August 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The data used for this manuscript was from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011–2014; Data collection for NHANES was approved by the NCHS Research Ethics Review Board. Analysis of de-identified data from the survey is exempt from the federal regulations for the protection of human research participants. Analysis of restricted data through the NCHS Research Data Center is also approved by the NCHS ERB.
: Not applicable.
: ED, CJC, and JAH are employees of National Dairy Council/Dairy Management Inc., Rosemont, Illinois, USA. VLF as Senior Vice President of Nutrition Impact, LLC performs consulting and database analyses for various food and beverage companies and related entities.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.