Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (R01 AA016781, R21AA020332, K23 AA020516)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (K24DK104676, P30DK040561)
Lycaki-Young Fund from the State of Michigan
Received: 6 July 2018
Accepted: 24 October 2018
First Online: 22 November 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Approval for human research was obtained from the ethics committees at Wayne State University, University of Cape Town (UCT) Faculty of Health Sciences, Columbia University Medical Center, and Boston Children’s Hospital. Informed consent was obtained at recruitment from each mother.
: Subjects provided consent for the publication of findings at recruitment.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests..
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