Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development (AID-OAA-A-12-00080)
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
National Research Foundation South Africa (Grant No 82769)
Received: 21 December 2017
Accepted: 8 August 2018
First Online: 20 August 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Informed consent was obtained for all study participants and government permission received prior to data collection. IRB clearance was also obtained at Johns Hopkins University and the Indian Institute for Health Management Research.
: Individual level data is not published in this manuscript.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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