Funding for this research was provided by:
Bank of Canada (OPP1084560)
United States Agency for International Development
Received: 12 June 2020
Accepted: 23 September 2020
First Online: 15 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: CaPSAI Project master and country protocols (Project ID A65896) were approved by technical and ethics review committees at the World Health Organization (WHO). Additionally, the country protocols were reviewed and approved by the Population Council Institutional Review Board (exemption approval- # EX201714) and Ghana Health Service Ethics Review Committee (GHS-ERC:009/08/2017) in Ghana. In Tanzania, the protocol has been approved by Ifakara Health Institute Institutional Review Board (IHI/IRB/No:18–2018 and IHI/IRB/AMM/No:03–2019) and the National Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) review board (NIMR/HQ/R.8a/Vol.IX/2668), as well as the NIMR/Mbeya Medical.Research and Ethics Review Committee (GB.152/377/01/214a).
: Not applicable.
: No competing interests.