First Online: 15 December 2022
: This study is based on secondary data analysis. Ethical clearance was not sought. The main data source (UMD Global CTIS study) received ethical clearance from the University of Maryland Institutional review board (1587016–10). All respondents gave informed consent before participating in the survey. Informed consent was documented in the digital platform by the respondent (no witness required). This study did not include minors. Access to the microdata was granted to WHO in accordance with the user agreement signed between WHO and UMD. The policy data does not include individual’s specific data. The last data set comes from WHO (WHO COVID-19 Detailed Surveillance Data Dashboard) and is used to contextualize the study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.