Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (R01HL071739, N01-HC- 95159)
Environmental Protection Agency (RD831697)
Received: 31 July 2017
Accepted: 7 December 2017
First Online: 21 December 2017
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was conducted under the guiding principles of the Declaration of Helsinki for the protection of human subjects. Institutional Review Boards of all participating MESA sites approved the study, and all participants signed informed consent.
: Not applicable. (No individual person’s data is included. MESA study data was de-identified and presented in aggregate.
: Dr. Michos has received an honorarium from Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics (unrelated to topic). Dr. Budoff has received research funds from GE Healthcare.No other authors declare a conflict of interest.
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