Funding for this research was provided by:
Office of the Secretary of Defense (W81XWH19-1-0793)
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (AR 43727, AR 69572)
Received: 22 June 2020
Accepted: 2 January 2021
First Online: 16 March 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Hopkins Lupus Cohort has been approved by the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Institutional Review Board and complies with the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. All patients gave written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.