Funding for this research was provided by:
Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR-19-CE36-0001-01)
Stanford University Center for Innovation in Global Health (Medical Scholars program)
Institut de Recherche pour le Developpement (Coup de Pouce “MAGIE”)
Herrnstein Family Foundatio
Received: 7 September 2020
Accepted: 19 January 2021
First Online: 12 February 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Use of MoH data for this study was authorized by the Secretary General of the MoH, by the Medical Inspector of Ifanadiana district, and by Harvard’s Institutional Review board (IRB). The IHOPE cohort study was approved by the Madagascar National Ethics Committee and Harvard Medical School IRB.
: No details, images or videos of an individual person are available in this manuscript.
: Some authors are current or former employees of institutions discussed in this article, including the non-governmental organization PIVOT and the Government of Madagascar. These affiliations are explicitly listed in the article.