Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 20 January 2021
Accepted: 4 August 2021
First Online: 17 August 2021
: This study was approved by the Newfoundland and Labrador Health Research Ethics Board (HREB#2017.134). In compliance with the terms of data sharing agreement between CAPER and its data providers, all data were stored at CAPER and analyses were carried out by CAPER staff.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Authors work for organizations involved in IMG training (MM, YY, EGM, IB) and the development and monitoring policies related to physician credentialing and training (LH, DK, LB, GB).