Received: 6 February 2019
Accepted: 7 October 2020
First Online: 16 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was based on an economic model that was developed using published clinical aggregate data; hence, the need for consent was not applicable.
: This manuscript did not contain data from individual persons; hence, the need for consent to publish was not applicable.
: AA, LN, & PT are employees of Smith & Nephew, Inc., and may own shares of Smith & Nephew. AR is a paid consultant for Stryker MAKO, Arthrex, Moximed, Ceramtec, and Medtronic; has received personal fees and research support from DePuy Mitke, DePuy Synthes, Arthrex, and Moximed; has received personal fees from Smith & Nephew and speaker fees from Stryker MAKO, Arthrex, Ceramtec, and Medtronic; has stock or stock options in Conformis; has received royalties from Stryker MAKO, DePuy, Saunders/Mosby-Elsevier, and Springer; and has been a board member for the Eastern Orthopaedic Association and the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine.