Funding for this research was provided by:
Bloomberg Philanthropies (Data for Health Initiative)
Received: 11 September 2019
Accepted: 13 August 2020
First Online: 4 September 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All data used were routine mortality data collected by the Ministry of Health, Brazil, and the Brazil Institute of Geography and Statistics. Data were linked and analyzed only by employees of Ministry of Health, Brazil, and the Brazil Institute of Geography and Statistics.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare they have no competing interests.