Funding for this research was provided by:
Anonymous Donor (127941)
Received: 31 October 2019
Accepted: 28 September 2020
First Online: 19 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health provided ethical approval (8308), as did the National Health Research Ethics Committee of Nigeria (NHREC/01/01/2007-02/01/2018C), the Indian Institute of Health Management Research (IIHMR) Institutional Review Board for Protection of Human Subjects in Rajasthan (Feb2018-1), and the Comite National D’ Etique de la Recherche (CNER) in Cote d’Ivoire (036-18/MSPH/CNER-kp). In accordance with local IRB requirements, respondents in Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire provided verbal consent to participate due to concerns about low literacy while respondents in Rajasthan provided written consent. For oral consent, interviewers checked a box on the smart phone to indicate receipt of respondent consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors have no competing interests to declare.