Funding for this research was provided by:
Wellcome Trust (107337/Z/15/Z)
Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/7, MC_UU_12015/3)
United Kingdom Clinical Research Collaboration (ES/G007462/1; 087636/Z/08/Z; MR/K023187/1)
Received: 20 August 2018
Accepted: 1 February 2019
First Online: 20 February 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent, and assent prior to measurement, was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Ethical approval for SWS data collection at age 4 and 6 was granted by the Southampton and South West Hampshire Local Research Ethics Committee.
: Not Applicable.
: CC received personal fees from Alliance for Better Bone Health, Amgen, Eli Lilly, GSK, Medtronic, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, Servier, Takeda and UCB. While not receiving funds directly, members of HMI’s team have received research funds from Nestec, Abbott Nutrition and Danone Nutricia. The remaining authors report no conflicts of interest.
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