Funding for this research was provided by:
UK Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/1)
UK Medical Research Council (MC_UU_12015/3)
British Heart Foundation (FS/12/58/29709)
MedImmune (PhD studentship)
NIHR Biomedical Research Centre Cambridge (IS-BRC-1215-20014)
Received: 29 October 2018
Accepted: 17 April 2019
First Online: 7 May 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All procedures performed in the UK Biobank involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee. There was no participants’ involvement in this research.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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