Received: 11 December 2019
Accepted: 19 July 2020
First Online: 3 August 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: UK Biobank received ethical approval from the North West Multi-centre Research Ethics Committee (REC reference: 11/NW/03820). All participants gave written informed consent before enrolment in the study, which was conducted in accord with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.