Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (NICHD 1R21HD073807)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (1 U54 GM104940)
Received: 23 February 2021
Accepted: 30 June 2021
First Online: 16 July 2021
: The study protocol was approved by the Pennington Biomedical Institutional Review Board (IRB# 13019- PBRC- CADENCE KIDS). Approval for these secondary analyses was granted by the University of Massachusetts Amherst Institutional Review Board (Protocol ID: 1900). Description of the purpose and characteristics of the study was provided to the parents and participants, and child assent and parental permission were obtained from children and adolescents 6–17 years of age. Participants between 18 and 20 years of age provided informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare they have no conflicts of interest. The results of the present study do not constitute endorsement by the American College of Sports Medicine. The results of the study are presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification, or inappropriate data manipulation.