Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute for Health Research (COV0319)
Received: 25 February 2022
Accepted: 6 July 2022
First Online: 28 July 2022
: The study was approved by the Leeds West Research Ethics Committee (20/YH/0225). All study participants provided written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: CEBo reports grants from NUH Trust R&I / NIHR Nottingham BRC and Nottingham Hospital Charity, outside of the submitted work. SAG reports grants from NIHR clinical lectureship and Kidney Beam Trial funded by Kidney Research UK and being a member of global steering committee of the MFIT trial (Australia) and President UK Kidney Association, Joint Chair UK Kidney Research Consortium, outside of the submitted work. WD-CM reports grants from National Institute for Health Research and British Lung Foundation, personal fees from Mundipharma, Novartis, and European Conference and Incentive Services DMC, and being an advisory board member for Jazz Pharmaceuticals, outside of the submitted work. CMN reports being Co-chair of British Thoracic Society Pulmonary Rehabilitation Group, outside of the submitted work. JW reports grants from NIHR Programme Development Grant 2021—Digital and Remote Enhancements for the Assessment and Management of older people living with frailty, and King’s College Hospital Charity 2020—COVID-19 rehabilitation scoping work, outside of the submitted work. LHW reports grants from NIHR RfPB and ARC East Midlands, outside of the submitted work. JDC reports grants from Astrazeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, Gilead Sciences, Insmed, Glaxosmithkline, and fees for consultancy from Astrazeneca, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, Zambon, Gilead Sciences, Insmed, Glaxosmithkline, Chiesi, outside of the submitted work. LPH reports grants from UKRI for UKILD study, MRC UK Regenerative Medicine Platform, Celgene (Immune mechanisms in fibrosis), British Lung Foundation (Immune drivers in Sarcoidosis), Boehnringer Ingleheim (IPF study), reports being on advisory board for CATALYST, phase 2 COVID platform trial and Chair of Respiratory Translational Research Collaboration, outside of the submitted work. AH reports grants from NIHR Manchester Biomedical Research Centre, during the conduct of the study and reports being Deputy Chair NIHR Translational Research Collaboration, outside of the submitted work. BR reports grants from British Heart Foundation Oxford Centre of Research Excellence, NIHR Oxford BRC and UKRI MRC during the conduct of the study, and fees for consultancy from Axcella Therapeutics, and payment from Axcella Therapeutics, outside of the submitted work. LVW reports grants from GSK and Orion Pharma, fees for consultancy from Galapagos, personal fees from Genentech, and being on advisory board for Galapagos, outside of the submitted work. RAE reports grants from NIHR, personal fees from Boehringer and Chiesi, and being European Respiratory Society Assembly 01.02 Pulmonary Rehabilitation secretary, outside of the submitted work. MJD is co-funded by the NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre. TY reports grants from NIHR Leicester BRC during the conduct of the study, and grants from UKRI (MRC)-DHSC (NIHR) COVID19 Rapid Response Rolling Call (MR/V020536/1) and from HDR-UK (HDRUK2020.138), outside of the submitted work. KK reports being Chair of the Ethnicity Subgroup of the UK Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (SAGE). DGW is supported by an NIHR Advanced Fellowship. CEB reports grants from Grants from GSK, AZ, Sanofi, BI, Chiesi, Novartis, Roche, Genentech, Mologic, 4DPharma, fees to institution for consultancy GSK, AZ, Sanofi, BI, Chiesi, Novartis, Roche, Genentech, Mologic, 4DPharma, TEVA. All other authors declare no competing interests.