Funding for this research was provided by:
American Heart Association (CDA34760281)
National Institutes of Health (K08HL159350, K24DK103992)
Received: 21 March 2022
Accepted: 28 August 2022
First Online: 20 September 2022
: The institutional review boards at each study site (Kaiser Permanente [CN-98SSidn-03-H], Northwestern University [STU00024971-MOD0007], University of Minnesota [8304 M00575], and University of Alabama at Birmingham [F990825030]) approved study procedures. All participants provided written informed consent. The institutional review board at the University of California, San Francisco deemed this secondary data analysis project exempt (IRB 18–26523).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they do not have conflicts of interest.