Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taiwan (MOHW108-TDU-B-212-133004)
China Medical University Hospital
Academia Sinica Stroke Biosignature Project (BM10701010021)
MOST Clinical Trial Consortium for Stroke (MOST 107-2321-B-039 -004-)
Tseng-Lien Lin Foundation, Taichung, Taiwan
Katsuzo and Kiyo Aoshima Memorial Funds, Japan.
The Department of Medical Research at Mackay Memorial Hospital (MMH-105-87, MMH-106-81, MMH-107-71, MMH-107-102, MMH-107-135)
Received: 13 December 2018
Accepted: 19 April 2019
First Online: 14 May 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of China Medical University (CMUH104-REC2-115) and the Institutional Review Board of MacKay Memorial Hospital (16MMHIS074).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.