Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81602035)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81272390)
the Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Colorectal Cancer Minimally Invasive (17DZ2250600)
Shanghai Municipal Health Bureau (Q2017-059)
Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (17411951300)
Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (S2019-069)
Received: 20 February 2020
Accepted: 5 June 2020
First Online: 12 June 2020
Ethical approval and consent to participate
: Ethics approval and consent to participate all procedures performed in this study involving human participants and animals were approved by the Ethics Committee of Zhongshan Hospital. Written informed consent was signed by each patient.
: Not applicable.
: The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.