Funding for this research was provided by:
Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute (R01CA187060)
Received: 23 November 2020
Accepted: 4 February 2021
First Online: 17 February 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This research involved only the collection and analysis of de-identified publicly available data and as such did not require IRB approval. The local ethics committee ruled that no formal ethics approval was required in this particular case.
: Not applicable.
: LM, DS, RF, JC, EE, KM, VC, CM, IO, and TK have no competing interests to report. JW owns stock or other ownership at Altor BioScience, Biond, CytomX Therapeutics, received honoraria from Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck, Genentech, AbbVie, AstraZeneca, Daiichi Sankyo, GlaxoSmithKline, Eisai, Altor BioScience, Amgen, Roche, Ichor Medical Systems, Celldex, CytomX Therapeutics, Nektar, Novartis, Sellas, WindMIL, Takeda, has consulting/advisory role at Celldex, Ichor Medical Systems, Biond, Altor BioScience, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck, Genentech, Roche, Amgen, AstraZeneca, GlaxoSmithKline, Daiichi Sankyo, AbbVie, Eisai, CytomX Therapeutics, Nektar, Novartis, Sellas, WindMIL, Takeda, and obtained research funding (to the Institution) from Bristol-Myers Squibb, Merck, GlaxoSmithKline, Genentech, Astellas Pharma, Incyte, Roche, Novartis and received funding for travel/accommodations/expenses from Bristol-Myers Squibb, GlaxoSmithKline, Daiichi Sankyo, Roche, Celldex, Amgen, Merck, AstraZeneca, Genentech, Novartis, WindMIL, Takeda.