Received: 22 December 2021
Accepted: 16 March 2022
First Online: 5 April 2022
: The NHANES data was de-identified and encrypted, and all participants in NHANES provided written informed consent consistent with the approval by the National Center for Health Statistics Institutional Review Board. Review and approval by the Institutional Review Board and the informed consent signed by participants were waived in the NHANES data analysis.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.