Funding for this research was provided by:
American Heart Association (13CRP14530007)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (K23HL123938)
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (UL1TR000445)
Fighting Duchenne Foundation and the Fight DMD/Jonah & Emory Discovery Grant
Received: 4 April 2017
Accepted: 20 July 2017
First Online: 2 August 2017
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This single-center, retrospective, observational study was approved by the Vanderbilt University Institutional Review Board. Participants older than 18 years gave written consent. For children less than 18 years, consent was obtained from legal guardians.
: Not applicable.
: The authors have no relationship with industry or competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.