Funding for this research was provided by:
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/L015226/1, EP/P001009/ 1)
Medical Research Council (MR/L016311/1)
Wellcome Trust (203553/Z/Z)
British Heart Foundation (G/14/89/31194)
European Research Council (ERC-2017-STG)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-03-14
Received: 7 September 2018
Accepted: 4 February 2019
First Online: 14 March 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The UKBB has approval from the North West Research Ethics Committee (REC reference: 11/NW/0382). All participants have given written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: Steffen E. Petersen provides consultancy to Circle Cardiovascular Imaging Inc. (Calgary, Alberta, Canada). Ben Glocker receives research funding from HeartFlow Inc. (Redwood City, CA, USA).
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.