Funding for this research was provided by:
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/P001009/1)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01HL121754)
British Heart Foundation (PG/14/89/31194)
National Institute for Health Research
Health Research Council of New Zealand (17/234)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-07-18
Received: 19 December 2018
Accepted: 14 June 2019
First Online: 18 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: UK Biobank was approved by National Research Ethics Service North West (11/NW/0382). All participants gave written informed consent.
: All participants in this study gave written consent to participate and to publish as part of the UK Biobank recruitment process.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.