Funding for this research was provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01-HL-127659, R01-HL086719, K24-HL103844)
Received: 11 August 2019
Accepted: 22 April 2020
First Online: 21 May 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Our manuscript describes results collected from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. There is no identifiable participant data in this manuscript and this study was approved by the Johns Hopkins Institutional Review Board in addition to all study sites. At enrollment, all participants received and agreed to informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: Dr. Nazarian is a consultant to Siemens, Biosense Webster, CardioSolv, and ImriCor Inc. Dr. Nazarian is principal investigator for investigator-initiated research funding from Siemens, Biosense Webster, and ImriCor. The other authors have no relationships with industry.