Received: 1 September 2017
Accepted: 5 January 2018
First Online: 23 January 2018
: SBW, Pharmacist, PhD in Pharmaceutical Chemistry, over 20 years experience in the natural product industry for health and nutrition. Managing Director and head of R&D at Vital Solutions GmbH, Hausingerstrasse 6, Langenfeld, 40,764, Germany.IN, Dipl. Chemical engineer, Master in Natural product chemistry, Scientific Manager at Vital Solutions GmbH, Hausingerstrasse 6, Langenfeld, 40,764, Germany.CS (Dipl. Nutrition science) and CAR (PhD Sports science and examin. Biol.), both clinical research scientists at BioTeSys GmbH, a company with over 15 years experience in the field of nutrition research and clinical nutrition studies. ES, student of molecular nutritional science at University of Hohenheim and trainee at BioTeSys GmbH, Schelztorstrasse 54–56, Esslingen, D-73728, Germany. MW, professor for mathematics and statistics at the. Ulm University of Applied Sciences, Albert-Einstein-Allee 55, 89,081 Ulm, Germany.
: Ethical approval was obtained from the ethical committee of the “Landesärztekammer Baden-Württemberg” without concerns (F-2016-080 September 13th, 2016) prior to study start and all subjects signed the IRB-approved informed consent prior to any procedures.
: Not applicable.
: The study was sponsored by Vital Solutions GmbH. The sponsors contributed to discussion about study design and selection of outcome measures prior to study start. During study realization and data analysis all data were completely blinded and study realization, data analysis and report generating were undertaken independently by BioTeSys GmbH and Ulm University of Applied Sciences. Vital Solutions own the proprietary ingredient used in the study. The authors from BioTeSys GmbH and Ulm University of Applied Sciences declare that there is no conflict or interest regarding the publication of this paper.
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