Funding for this research was provided by:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (489524)
King Abdulaziz University (20977)
Received: 16 July 2019
Accepted: 9 October 2019
First Online: 27 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All animal procedures were carried out in the Department of Comparative Medicine at the University of Toronto in accordance with the Regulations of the Animals for Research Act in Ontario and the Guidelines of the Canadian Council on Animal Care (2017/18 protocol # 20011827).
: Not applicable.
: RPB has received research grants from Bunge Ltd., Arctic Nutrition, the Dairy Farmers of Canada, and Nestle Inc., as well as travel support from Mead Johnson and mass spectrometry equipment and support from Sciex. RPB is on the executive of the International Society for the Study of Fatty acids and Lipids and held a meeting on behalf of Fatty Acids and Cell Signalling, both of which rely on corporate sponsorship. RPB has given expert testimony in relation to supplements and the brain. RPB also provides complimentary fatty acid analysis for farmers, food producers, and others involved in the food industry, some of whom provide free food samples.