Funding for this research was provided by:
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (IK2 CX000520, I01 BX000192)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (R01DK120387, R01DK108349)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (R33AI116218, R56AI116342, U19AI096109, R01AI132128, R56AI091573)
amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research (109301)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-11-11
Received: 31 July 2019
Accepted: 4 November 2019
First Online: 11 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Protocols to obtain blood were approved by the local IRB (the Committee on Human Research, or CHR) of the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) (approval #10-01561, 10-03761, 11–07551). All participants from both cohorts provided written informed consent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.