Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development (AID-OAA-A-12-00047)
Children's Investment Fund Foundation (N/A)
Received: 1 May 2020
Accepted: 23 July 2020
First Online: 3 August 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Both studies were reviewed and approved by FHI 360’s Protection of Human Subjects Committee. The Uganda study was also reviewed and approved by The AIDS Support Organisation Research Ethics Committee and Uganda National Council for Science and Technology, and the Malawi study was reviewed and approved by the National Health Sciences and Research Committee. For both studies, all study staff completed training on research ethics, the protocol, and informed consent administration. Study participants 18 years or older provided written informed consent, and participants ages 15–17 years provided written informed assent. We were granted a waiver for parental consent in both studies to protect the confidentiality of minors who were using FP without the knowledge of their parents.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.