Funding for this research was provided by:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Received: 5 March 2020
Accepted: 11 August 2020
First Online: 14 September 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: ICES is a prescribed entity under section 45 of Ontario’s Personal Health Information Protection Act. Section 45 authorizes ICES to collect personal health information, without consent, for the purpose of analysis or compiling statistical information with respect to the management of, evaluation or monitoring of, the allocation of resources to or planning for all or part of the health system. Projects conducted under section 45, by definition, do not require review by a Research Ethics Board. This project was conducted under section 45, and approved by ICES’ Privacy and Legal Office.
: This manuscript does not contain any individual person’s data so this section is not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.