Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation through the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research
Received: 14 April 2020
Accepted: 15 July 2020
First Online: 24 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The protocol was approved by the Ethics and Protocol Review Committee of the College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana (CHS-Et/M.1 – P 3.2/2016–2017). Approval to select HIV positive samples was also obtained from the NBS (NBSGRD/160929/01).
: The NBS has given the consent to publish the results without personal identification.
: No competing interest exist.