Funding for this research was provided by:
Fonds de Recherche du Québec-Société et Culture (200590)
International Development Research Centre (108038)
Received: 31 August 2018
Accepted: 21 November 2018
First Online: 15 January 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Prior to responding to the interviewer’s questions, all participants read a detailed information sheet and provided their written consent. Ethical approval was obtained from University of Montreal’s <i>Comate d'éthique de la recherche en santé</i> (Certificate 16-153-CERES-D).
: All authors provide their consent for publication. Written informed consent was obtained from the participants for publication of their individual details and accompanying images in this manuscript. The consent form is held by the authors and is available for review by the Editor-in-Chief.
: VR has served as a consultant on the issue of user-fee abolition to non-governmental organisations. VR was a co-researcher on the baseline study of the impact evaluation of PBF in Burkina Faso, but has received no salary from the funding body (the World Bank) for this activity. MDA is lead investigator on several process and impact evaluations of PBF in SSA countries, but did not receive direct payments from the funders. The funders did not take part in the preparation or publication of this manuscript. The authors have no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.
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