First Online: 28 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Not applicable.
: Not applicable.
: DG has received funding in the past from the Australian Research Council. She has received funding from various non-government organizations to attend speaking engagements related to trade agreements and health, and to undertake a health impact assessment of the PACER-Plus trade agreement. She has represented the Public Health Association of Australia on matters related to trade agreements and public health.In 2016–2019, JL was a paid consultant on two projects: one looking into developing principles for conservative diagnosis (Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation) and a second deciding what drugs should be provided free of charge by general practitioners (Government of Canada, Ontario Supporting Patient-Oriented Research Support Unit and the St Michael’s Hospital Foundation). He also received payment for participating on a panel at the American Diabetes Association, for a talk at the Toronto Reference Library, for writing a brief in an action concerning side-effects of a drug for Michael F. Smith, lawyer, and from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research for presenting at a workshop on conflict-of-interest in clinical practice guidelines. He is currently a member of research groups that receive money from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council. He is member of the Foundation Board of Health Action International and the Board of Canadian Doctors for Medicare. He receives royalties from the University of Toronto Press and James Lorimer & Co. Ltd. for books he has written.BT is a member of the Public Health Association of Australia and has represented the association on matters related to trade agreements and public health. She has received funding from various non-governmental organizations to attend speaking engagements related to trade agreements and health.MAG has received funding from union groups to present on issues of drug coverage in Canada.JK served as a paid consultant to the World Health Organization from 2018 to 2019 on the issue of anti-corruption, transparency and accountability in health.The remaining authors declare that they have no competing interests.