Received: 12 October 2021
Accepted: 19 November 2021
First Online: 11 December 2021
: We used secondary data from the NDHS 2016. The NDHS 2016 was approved by an ethical review board of Nepal Health Research Council, Nepal, and ICF Marco International, Maryland, USA. The Ministry of Health and Population (MOHP) (Nepal), ICF International Maryland, and DHS (USA) approved and oversaw the overall research process of the NDHS 2016. As the NDHS data are publicly available for further analysis, and data were deidentified of the research participants, the first author (RBK) took approval for the download and use of dataset for his doctoral thesis, downloaded data of individual woman records from the Nepal data file available from the DHS (ExternalRef removed). The research proposal got an ethical exemption from the human research ethics committee of the University of Queensland (UQ), Australia.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declared that they have no competing interests.