Text and Data Mining valid from 2020-02-04
Received: 12 August 2019
Accepted: 26 December 2019
First Online: 4 February 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College Research Ethics Board (#1504X03) and Consejo Nacional de Bioetica en Salud (CONABIOS) in the Dominican Republic (August 19, 2015).
: Not applicable.
: Dr. da Silva-Oolup, Dr. Stern and Dr. Outerbridge declare that they have no competing interests. Dr. Côté reports grants from Ontario Ministry of Finance and Financial Services Commission of Ontario, grants from Canadian Institute of Health Research - Canada Research Chair Program, personal fees from European Spine Society, grants from Ontario Trillium Foundation, outside the submitted work. Dr. Nordin reports other from Palladian Health, other from Medtronics, outside the submitted work.