Funding for this research was provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (K12HL137942)
Received: 10 September 2020
Accepted: 1 January 2021
First Online: 28 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics approval for the study was obtained from the Stanford University Institutional Review Board (IRB-47140). Per the IRB, the participant’s verbal consent was obtained prior to each interview.
: Individuals provided verbal consent prior to participating in interviews. The verbal consent process included reading the following statement: “Your interview will be audio recorded and transcribed for analysis. Study findings will be presented in aggregate; individuals will not be identified in any presentations or publications. De-identified quotes may also be used in research papers or presentations”. We have presented individual quotes that indicate the individuals’ role and ICU type only. The selected quotes do not reveal any specific details about the individual that could lead to identification of the individual.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.