Funding for this research was provided by:
Manitoba Medical Services Foundation (8-2016-05)
University of Manitoba (N/A)
Received: 2 April 2019
Accepted: 8 July 2019
First Online: 19 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Patients were not directly consented for their inclusion into this research as it is a retrospective study. All patients involved in this study provided their consent to have their clinical data stored in our research database at the time of surgery and used for subsequent retrospective-type research. Research ethics approval for the present study was granted by the local review board (H2013:325, University of Manitoba).
: All authors provide their consent to have this research published. No identifying patient data is contained within, and therefore, no patient consent for publication was obtained.
: Institutional research and educational funding has been received from DePuy-Synthes in the past 5 years. CB, TT, and TG are participating in one or more ongoing clinical studies with DePuy-Synthes products. CB and TG have received expense reimbursement for a presentation involving DePuy-Synthes products. TG has signed a consultancy agreement with DePuy-Synthes but receives no financial benefit. The other author declares that there are no competing interests.