Received: 6 June 2021
Accepted: 27 July 2021
First Online: 6 August 2021
: This review did not require any ethical approval or the use of personal information of patients. All mentions of patients and their relevant information has gained the approval from the corresponding articales that were cited accordingly.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper, apart from Dr Constantinos Zervides who is a co-inventor to Heart Valve Prosthesis (2012), patent number US20120165929A1, and Heart Valve Prosthesis (2019), patent number US10357358B2.