Received: 26 April 2021
Accepted: 28 December 2021
First Online: 8 January 2022
: The authors are accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. This retrospective study was approved by the ethics committee of the Samsung Medical Center, and informed consent was waived (Institutional Review Board number: SMC 2020-01-079).
: All authors consent to the publication of the manuscript in Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
: All authors declare that they have no competing interests.