Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (FIC/NIH D43TW009106)
Concerned Parents for AIDS Research (NA)
NIH (FIC/NIH D43TW009106)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2020-03-07
Received: 25 January 2020
Accepted: 25 February 2020
First Online: 7 March 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All studies were approved by the University of Michigan Investigation Review Board and by the University of Maryland Review Board.Dr. M.H. Kaplan use of human material was approved by the University of Michigan Investigation Review Board IRB # HUM00043911 Pathogenesis of viral-associated malignancies (1996–0427) and HUM00001074 A Search for a Viral Cause of AIDS Lymphoma. Studies in Nigeria were approved by the University of Maryland IRB HP00058403 and for Nigerian Studies NHREC/01/01/2007–09-06-2013. Prostate samples were obtained from the study; Prostate Biopsy Clinical Database/Tissue Bank (groups 2-Men undergoing prostate biopsy HUM 00037879 SPORE in Prostate Cancer (Tissue/Serum/Urine) Bank NCI CA069568–11 HUM00043354. Ghanaian samples were obtained through a protocol; International center for the study of breast cancer subtypes is IRB 4825 University of Michigan.
: No personal data and or images or videos are shown in this manuscript.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.