Received: 11 March 2020
Accepted: 15 July 2020
First Online: 23 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was performed in accordance with the ethical guidelines provided by the animal welfare committee and all the procedures were carried out according to the Italian legislation about animal care (DL 116, 27/01/1992) and to the European Guidelines on Animal Welfare (Directive 2010/63/EU). A written informed consent was signed by the owners, giving the permission to submit each dog to elective C-section and allowing the record of clinical data for research purposes.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.