Funding for this research was provided by:
Friede Springer Stiftung (131/2019)
Received: 20 May 2021
Accepted: 13 December 2021
First Online: 18 December 2021
: In Germany, the utilization of health insurance data for scientific research is regulated by the Code of Social Law. All involved health insurance providers as well as the German Federal Office for Social Security and the Senator for Health, Women and Consumer Protection in Bremen as their responsible authorities approved the use of GePaRD data for this study.
: Not applicable.
: Oliver Riedel, Oliver Scholle, Ingo Langner, and Simon Klau are working at an independent, non-profit research institute, the Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology – BIPS. Unrelated to this study, BIPS occasionally conducts studies financed by the pharmaceutical industry. Almost exclusively, these are post-authorization safety studies (PASS) requested by health authorities. The design and conduct of these studies as well as the interpretation and publication are not influenced by the pharmaceutical industry. Christian Bachmann reports no conflict of interest.